Reliability and Construct Validity of the Malay Version of the Cyclist Motivation Instrument (CMI)
Keywords:Cycling, motivating factors
With the increase interest in cycling, there is a need to understand what motivate cyclist to cycle. The Cyclist Motivation Instrument (CMI) has been shown to be a valid and reliable instrument to measure the motivation factors elsewhere. The present study was to assess the reliability and construct validity of the Malay version of the CMI among cyclists in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. A total of 180 cyclists consented and participated in the study and were administered the Malay version of the CMI. Back translation method was used to ensure the face validity of the questionnaire. Reliability was determined using Cronbach’s alpha for internal consistency. Construct validity was assessed using exploratory factor analysis. The internal consistency for all components was satisfactory with Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of 0.799 to 0.880 and therefore confirmed the adequacy of these components. Exploratory factor analysis using Principal Component Analysis with a Varimax rotation showed 32 items were loaded into six factors orthogonal soluation with 67.8% of the variance. In conclusion, all components of CMI were found to be reliable and valid for determining factors motivating cyclists to cycle. Further analyses using confirmatory factor analysis and convergent validity would be ideal.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2014 Journal of Science and Cycling
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors contributing to Journal of Science and Cycling agree to publish their articles under a Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 license, allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, for any purpose, even commercially, under the condition that appropriate credit is given, that a link to the license is provided, and that you indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
Authors retain copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to Cycling Research Center
Authors reatin copyright of their work. The Effect of Open Access