Pacing strategy during Olympic Cross-Country Mountain Bike: effects of performance level, age and sex

Authors

  • Everton Crivoi do Carmo Senac University Center
  • Allan Inoue Brazilian Navy, CEFAN,
  • Cesar Cavinato Cal Abad Nucleus of High Performance in Sports - NARSP
  • Frederico Antonio dos Santos Andrade
  • Valmor Tricoli University of São Paulo
  • Renato Barroso State University of Campinas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.28985/0620.jsc.04

Abstract

Objectives: the aim of the present study was to verify the pacing strategy during a season of a Cross-Country Mountain Bike (XCO-MTB) and the effects of performance level, age and sex. Method: Overall, 802 paces in 4 age-sex categories were analyzed: male elite (EliteM; n = 272), female elite (EliteF; n = 170), male under-23 (U23M; n = 247) and female under-23 (U23F; n = 113). Races were divided into initial lap (IL); middle one (M1); middle two (M2) and final lap (FL). The athletes were divided into high performance (HP); intermediated performance (IP) and low performance (LP). The magnitude-based inference and the effect size were assessed to check the changes clinically important. Results: it was observed a similar fast-start strategy for all categories. Both HP EliteM and EliteF athletes showed higher speed in FL than LP (EliteM - ES = 0.5; 90%CI -0.8 to -0.2; very likely and EliteF - ES = 1.0; 90%CI -1.4 to -0.6; almost certain). The U23F athletes showed higher speeds in IL than EliteF (ES = 0.21; 90%CI -0.1 to 0.5; likely), however in FL the speeds was lower in U23F (ES = 1; 90%CI -1.3 to -0.6; very likely). Conclusion: the fast-start strategy is typically used during a XCO-MTB race independently of performance level, age or sex. HP Elite athletes are able to maintain higher speeds in the FL. U23F athletes used to do a more variable pacing strategy with more aggressive fast-start strategy and lower speed in FL than EliteF.

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Author Biographies

Everton Crivoi do Carmo, Senac University Center

Department of Physical Education

Allan Inoue, Brazilian Navy, CEFAN,

Research Laboratory of Exercise Science

Frederico Antonio dos Santos Andrade

Singularidades Institute – iS

Valmor Tricoli, University of São Paulo

School of Physical Education and Sport

Renato Barroso, State University of Campinas

Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education

Published

2020-02-27

How to Cite

do Carmo, E. C., Inoue, A., Cal Abad, C. C., Andrade, F. A. dos S., Tricoli, V., & Barroso, R. (2020). Pacing strategy during Olympic Cross-Country Mountain Bike: effects of performance level, age and sex. Journal of Science and Cycling. https://doi.org/10.28985/0620.jsc.04

Issue

Section

Original articles